6-STEP GUIDE ON HOME COFFEE BREWING
A good cup of coffee at your favorite coffee shop feels so good anytime, any day. But the question is, how do you get that same quality of coffee when you brew manually at home? How do you know the right type of coffee beans to buy? What kind of equipment should be used?
I know questions like this go through your mind. Well, It’s not hard to make a beautiful cup of coffee at home; you just need to follow a certain procedure and you’ll be happy with the result you’ll get at the end. In this article, you’ll get to know 6 important steps involved in the home coffee brewing process. Let’s get started.
1. Get Good Coffee Beans
Getting coffee beans is the first step to brewing good home coffee. Make sure you buy quality coffee beans; it goes a long way in determining how good your coffee will turn out to be. It will be freshest if you use the coffee beans within a couple of weeks of roasting. If the coffee won’t be used for a few weeks, it should be left sealed in a foil bag. After the coffee has been opened, try to use it up within two weeks. However, don’t forget that the type of coffee you’ll get after brewing is not entirely dependent on the quality of coffee beans alone, other factors like water temperature, grind size, etc., also play a major role.
Make sure the coffee beans you buy will be used the same week. This is because coffee is a natural product and can get spoilt within a certain time. The coffee beans should not be exposed to direct sunlight rather store in an airtight container. Also, you should never try to preserve by refrigerating because coffee can absorb aromas from other food substances.
2. Choose The Right Brewing Equipment
For home coffee brewing, there’s a variety of equipment available for you to choose from. When choosing brewing equipment, the two major things to have in mind are the kind of flavor you want and how easy it is to use the machine. There are Pour over and Immersion brewing devices. Some of the pour-over brewing devices include Hamilton Beach, Cuisinart, Delonghi, Chulux, Hario V60, and Kalita Wave. Aeropress, French press and Clever are Immersion brewing devices. Most people prefer to choose the pour-over method because the equipment is easy to use and affordable. Also, the filters play a huge role in what flavor the coffee has.
After choosing your equipment, it is also important to use them in a way that will give your coffee the best quality. Always keep your equipment clean. Don’t forget to wash off all the residual coffee oils left after brewing or you may taste them in your next cup of coffee. Ensure you heat-up your equipment and cup for a while as this will enable consistent extraction.
3. Use A Good Grinder
The two types of Coffee Grinders you can use for home coffee brewing are the burr grinder and blade grinder. It is advisable to use a burr grinder because roasted coffee is fragile and a burr grinder will grind them properly and give you better consistency. You need to make the grinding consistent because it gives you more control over the brewing. A good grinder will make the biggest difference in the quality of your coffee. The grind size also matters a lot. Grind coffee just before use, with a size similar to ground sugar. If the grind size is smaller, it will lead to more extraction but a bigger grind size will cause under extraction. Furthermore, when brewing home coffee, you should grind only what you need. Remember, when you grind coffee properly, you increase the surface area. This allows for more reaction with oxygen which could make your coffee go stale after 15 minutes.
4. Measure Accurately
Even though there are different coffee recipes out there, measurement is a constant factor when it comes to home coffee brewing. You’ll need to know the amount of coffee and water to use. Accuracy matters a lot. Even if you already have the perfect recipe, trying to make a cup of coffee by just looking at it will be very difficult. Measuring may seem tasking at first but as time progresses, you’ll get to enjoy the results it brings.
You can either measure by volume or by weight. It is advisable to take your measurement using weight because it is more accurate and consistent. Most coffee shops use weight measurement. For the best results, just get a pair of scales that measure up to 0.1g or more.
Learn more about your coffee to water ratio on the infographic below
5. Use Good Water At The Right Temperature
Great coffee starts with great water. Water counts for almost 99% of your coffee so it should be slightly hard with a neutral pH. Avoid using chlorinated water. Water temperature should be between 195° to 205°, anything less would be too cool and produce sour coffee. If you want to confirm how true this is, brew the same coffee with the same recipe but at different temperatures, then test them. Always allow the water to boil until it reaches the right range. A general principle is that hotter water will increase the degree of extraction. So, ensure you make use of hot clean water and you will produce a cup of coffee with the best quality.
6. Use Time Effectively
The flavor of your coffee is largely determined by the brew time. That is why it is important to keep track of the length of time it takes you to brew home coffee. If you can’t get a regular timer, you can use the one on your phone. While recording, you can always adjust the time to suit your recipe and preference.
With this 6-step guide, brewing your coffee at home should now be easier. You can now make the right choices when it comes to making quality morning coffee for yourself, family and friends. Try to apply it when next you’re brewing at home and you’ll get great results. Learn more the basics of tea and coffee culture for living a sweet life.